1. A branch of knowledge that one studies. 2. The suppression of base desires, usually understood to be synonymous with self-control restraint and control. 3. The use of reason to determine the best course of action regardless of one’s desires, which may be the opposite of what a person is excited to do. Virtuous behavior can be described as when a person’s values are aligned with their aims: to do what they know is best and to do it gladly. 4. The training that develops self-control, character, orderliness, and efficiency. In other words, the ability to start, continue, and produce the results envisioned and planned in the time, place, and shape, at a consistent level of excellence as intended. 5. The use of punishment to correct disobedience and to enforce compliance with rules.
1. Having full power and control over a subject or area. 2. The knowledge and skill of a master. 3. Being able to consistently produce products of excellent quality. 4. Victory or superiority. 5. Mastery motivation is a psychological force that stimulates an individual to attempt to gain competency over a challenging problem, skill, task, or subject matter and to focus on it in a persistent manner until successful.
1. The study of the nature, causes, or principles of reality, knowledge, or values, based on logical reasoning. 2. A system of thought based on or involving such study. 3. The study of the theoretical underpinnings of a particular field or discipline: the philosophy of history. 4. An underlying theory or set of ideas relating to a particular field of activity or to life as a whole.